EPLab Seminar Session

May 31, 2017

EPLab Seminar Session

"A crítica de Merleau-Ponty à noção de liberdade radical em Sartre/

Merleau-Ponty’s “Sartrean” critique of Sartre’s account of radical freedom"

- Luís de Sousa

Respondent: Ana Falcato

31 May | 16h-18h | Room 1.05, I&D Building

Abstract:

"We tend to associate Merleau-Ponty’s philosophical legacy with his insights into the nature of cognition and in particular into the role the lived body plays in it. For this reason, it may come as a surprise that Merleau-Ponty choses to close his Phenomenology of Perception with a discussion of the notion of freedom. In fact, Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenological analysis of perception has consequences that go well beyond the confines of the philosophy of mind and embodiment. In the Phenomenology of perception, Merleau-Ponty presents an account of subjectivity and human nature that, although terminologically similar to Sartre’s account in the Being and Nothingness at some points, radically challenges it. In my talk, I will discuss Merleau-Ponty’s views on freedom with a view to how they turn Sartre’s idea of the human being’s radical freedom on its head. I will bring into relief that, very much like Sartre, Merleau-Ponty links freedom to subjectivity, i.e., to the first-personal point of view, but, unlike Sartre, he does not view subjectivity as being in any way opposed to our factical condition as embodied, social and historical beings. On the contrary, for Merleau-Ponty, "facticity", i.e., embodiement, sociality, historicality, are a condition of freedom. It is true that it is possible to read Sartre’s position in this regard as being more ambiguous inasmuch as he contends that our “fundamental project” and our “situation” are essentially interrelated. Nevertheless, even in the face of this interdependence, Sartre maintained his idea of radical freedom. I will conclude by showing how Merleau-Ponty relies precisely on the Sartrian idea of the interdependence of the “fundamental project” and the “situation” to undermine Sartre's conception of absolute freedom."

Resumo:

"O legado filosófico de Merleau-Ponty tende a ser associado às suas ideias relativas à natureza da cognição, em particular no que diz respeito ao papel que o corpo vivido tem nela. Por esta razão, pode parecer surpreendente que A fenomenologia da percepção encerre precisamente com um capítulo dedicado à noção de liberdade. Na verdade, a análise fenomenológica da percepção tem consequências que vão muito para além do domínio da filosofia da mente e do corpo. Em A fenomenologia da percepção, Merleau-Ponty apresenta uma concepção da subjectividade e da natureza humana que, apesar de parecer terminologicamente semelhante, constitui uma crítica radical às concepções de O ser e o nada de Sartre. Na minha comunicação, pretendo precisamente mostrar que a concepção de liberdade de Merleau-Ponty pretende subverte a ideia sartriana de liberdade radical. Merleau-Ponty, tal como Sartre, associa a liberdade à subjectividade, i.e. ao ponto de vista da primeira pessoa. No entanto, não só a facticidade, isto é a nossa condição de seres encarnados, históricos e sociais, não se opõe, segundo Merleau-Ponty, à liberdade, como é, antes, uma condição dela. É verdade que a posição de Sartre a este respeito não deixa de se revestir de alguma ambiguidade na medida em que considera que o nosso “projecto fundamental” e a nossa “situação” são interdependentes. No entanto, apesar desta interdependência, Sartre mantém a ideia de liberdade absoluta. No final, vou mostrar que  Merleau-Ponty se baseia precisamente na ideia sartriana da interdependência entre o “projecto fundamental” e a “situação” para rejeitar a concepção sartriana de liberdade."

Back to previous page


News

All News

Dina Mendonça awarded the 5th prize of Prémio Santander 2017

With 4 indexed publications, Dina Mendonça was awarded the 5th…

October 26, 2017

Fabrizio Macagno awarded 2nd prize of Prémio Santander 2016

Fabrizio Macagno is awarded the 2nd prize Prémio Santander de…

October 25, 2017

IFILNOVA awarded the Santander Prize - 2016

With 40 indexed publications in 2015, IFILNOVA is awarded the…

October 25, 2017

Chrysi Rapanta awarded the 3rd price of the Santander Prize - 2017

With 5 indexed publications in 2016, Chrysi Rapanta is awarded…

October 25, 2017

Simon Botting awarded the 3rd price of the Santander Prize - 2017

With 5 indexed publications in 2016, Simon Botting is awarded…

October 25, 2017

Fabrizio Macagno awarded the 1st price of the Santander Prize - 2017

With 12 indexed publications in 2016, Fabrizio Macagno is awarded…

October 25, 2017

IFILNOVA awarded the Santander Prize - 2017

With 45 indexed publications in 2016, IFILNOVA is awarded the…

October 25, 2017

Seminários Grego, Latim, Alemão

Curso livre

September 20, 2017

IFILNOVA Library

New IFILNOVA library acquisitions

April 04, 2017

Cinema - Journal of Philosophy and the Moving Image - New issue now available!

This issue is dedicated to Marx's Philosophy and is available…

March 20, 2017

IFILNOVA library

New IFILNOVA library acquisitions

March 06, 2017

ArgLab awarded grant of cooperation programme of the Portuguese FCT and the the Turkish TUBITAK

ArgLab awarded grant of cooperation programme of the Portuguese FCT…

February 07, 2017

animalia vegetalia mineralia

Ano III . Year III . Número VIII . Number…

January 27, 2017

CALL FOR PAPERS

GOVERNMENT OF SELF, GOVERNMENT OF OTHERS - Ethical and political…

October 21, 2016

Audio recordings of EPLAB events now available

EPLAB's Seminars and Conferences recorded and made public

June 04, 2015

Institutions

FCT
FCSH