EN PT

Wittgenstein, Religion, and Cognitive Science

December 15, 2020

Schedule

10:15-10:30 Welcome

10:30-12 Roger Trigg (University of Warwick and Ian Ramsey Centre, University of Oxford): 'Wittgenstein, Concepts and Human Nature' - with a response by Florian Franken Figueiredo (Universidade Nova, Lisbon).

13:00-14:15 Olympia Panagiotidou (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki): ‘Cognitive Theories and Wittgenstein: Looking for Convergence, not for Divergence.’

15:00-16:15 Hans Van Eyghen (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam): ‘Can Brains Perceive?’

17:00-18:15 Gorazd Andrejč (University of Groningen & Science and Research Centre Koper): ‘The Great Hierarchy of Being: Thoughts on the Posthumanist Critique.’

19:30-20:45 Rita McNamara (Victoria University of Wellington): ‘Brains as the Source of Being: Mind/Brain Focus and the Western Model of Mind in Dominant Cognitive Science Discourse.’

 

This workshop is organized by Robert Vinten, Nuno Venturinha, and Sofia Miguens within the framework of the FCT-funded project “Epistemology of Religious Belief: Wittgenstein, Grammar and the Contemporary World” (PTDC/FER-FIL/32203/2017), hosted by the Reasoning and Argumentation Laboratory (ArgLab) of IFILNOVA. Attendance is free of charge. Please contact Robert Vinten at robertvinten@gmail.com for details of the Zoom workshop if you would like to attend.

 

Abstracts

Roger Trigg – ‘Wittgenstein, Concepts and Human Nature’

The later Wittgenstein has been accused of veering into relativism. A stress on concepts, as expressed in language, can leave even science looking like one social practice amongst alternatives. The cognitive science of religion emphasizes the importance of a pre-social  human nature, as the basis of all human cultures. Yet it has been seen as encouraging, and even assuming, a physicalist, and reductionist, approach to our conceptual architecture.  Are the two visions in complete conflict, or can some of their respective insights be combined?


Olympia Panagiotidou – ‘Cognitive Theories and Wittgenstein: Looking for Convergence, not for Divergence.’

Although cognitive neuroscience mainly studies the biological underpinnings and neuronal processes of human cognition, cognitive scientists have quite recently recognized that the external world, including both the natural environment and the cultural and social settings, may affect and modify human cognitive abilities. In this paper, I intend to highlight that the most recent cognitive theories, mainly developed in the field of the study of religion, remove the dualism between brain and body and promote a multifaceted conception of human cognition, which embraces the body, the brain and the world. In this framework, I present a paradigm of how I employed neurocognitive research findings and theories, seeking answers to my historical questions about the Asclepius cult – a cult that met significant diffusion and popularity in the Hellenistic and Graeco-Roman world. My intention is to indirectly indicate points of convergence between cognitive approaches and Wittgentstein’s philosophical considerations, and potentially to outline new directions for further discussions between cognitive theoreticians and Wittgensteinian philosophers.


Hans Van Eyghen – ‘Can Brains Perceive?’

Talk of ‘brains deciding’, ‘brains inferring’ or ‘brains perceiving’ is common in contemporary cognitive science and neuroscience. A number of authors (most notably Peter Hacker and Maxwell Bennett) argue that such talk commits a category mistake; deciding, making inferences or perceiving are abilities properly ascribed to humans and not to human subsystems or subparts. In my talk, I will argue that ascribing such properties to human brains or cognitive systems within the brain is proper. I will argue that ‘inferring’ or ‘perceiving’ are best conceptualized as functional terms. Since most functions we know of are multiply realizable, this opens the door for atypical inferences and perceptions that can be ascribed to various organisms and their subsystems.

Gorazd Andrejč – ‘The Great Hierarchy of Being: Thoughts on the Posthumanist Critique.’

One of the targets of the posthumanist attacks against humanism, either religious or secular, is the humanist affirmation of the ‘chain of being’ – a hierarchical representation of humanity’s place in the world. Humans are conceived to be either on the top of the chain or in the middle of it; in the latter case humans are between God/gods and angels above (alternatively: cyborgs, super-humans or supercomputers above) and the ‘lower’ animals, plants and abiota below. Posthumanists claim that any hierarchical chain of being fundamentally misrepresents humanity’s relation to the world and hence misleads us into damaging, unethical action. In this paper, I will first present the hierarchical chain of being through the lens of embodied-cognitive theory of spatial-relations metaphors. Second, I will ask what this critique means for chosen religious pictures of human-world relationship. I will suggest that, even if contemporary Christian theology does not tend to affirm a strong metaphysical hierarchy of beings, as a guiding metaphor the chain of being still typically carries significant cognitive and moral meanings. Finally, I will briefly explore how a philosophical theology can respond to this critique in fresh and constructive ways.


Rita McNamara – ‘Brains as the Source of Being: Mind/Brain Focus and the Western Model of Mind in Dominant Cognitive Science Discourse.’

Inferences about others’ knowledge, goals, and motivations are vital to human strategies in navigating our social worlds. Yet, because we live in socially constructed worlds, our abilities to perceive, conceive, and react to agents – both seen and unseen – are also socially constructed. Most existing research on beliefs about supernatural agents assumes a Western model of mind that posits a) one can infer others’ thoughts, and b) mental state inference is the best explanation for actions. Other cultures view minds differently, however. This talk reviews the logic of the Western model of mind in Cognitive Science. It then provides a brief overview of evidence from diverse cultural groups with perspectives on minds different to the Western model of mind that currently dominates psy- chological and cognitive science research. It then examines ways that cultural models of minds are reflected in the local religious belief systems of various groups, as well as how models of minds may be seen to travel across cultural areas along with intercultural contact events like missionization. These patterns provide insight into the processes by which cultures and cognition may co-evolve.

 

Back to previous page


Events

All Events

3rd Hinge Epistemology Conference: Hinge Epistemology and Religious Belief

Call for abstracts

June 07, 2022

Sally Jackson, 14 May 2021, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium |

May 14, 2021

Kant Reading Group

Francisco Lisboa – Paul Formosa, ‘The Role of Vulnerability in…

April 30, 2021

Jan Albert van Laar. 16 April 2021, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium |

April 16, 2021

Paul Smart, April 12th, 2021

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar |Active Externalism: Endgame

April 12, 2021

Kant Reading Group

Mattia Riccardi – Ralph C. S. Walker, ‘Kant on the…

March 26, 2021

Steve Oswald, 26 March 2021, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | Pragmatics and argumentation: theoretical and experimental…

March 26, 2021

Kant Reading Group

Mattia, Riccardi, ‘Kant on the Number of Worlds’

March 26, 2021

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Hélder Telo, "Ancient Eudaimonism and Modern Morality"

March 17, 2021

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Erich Rast, "Norms and Rationality. Is Moral Behavior a Form…

March 03, 2021

Kant Reading Group

2021 Schedule

February 26, 2021

Kant Reading Group

João Constâncio: Sebastian Gardner, ‘Nietzsche on Kant and Teleology in…

February 26, 2021

Fabio Paglieri, 26 February 2021, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Argumentation as a board game: how…

February 26, 2021

Kant Reading Group

João Constâncio, ‘Nietzsche on Kant and Teleology in 1868: ‘“Life”…

February 26, 2021

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Dina Mendonça, The Many Faces of Morality

February 24, 2021

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Regina Queiros, "Failures of Political Thinking"

February 10, 2021

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Schedule - 2nd Semester

February 10, 2021

Scott F. Aikin & John Casey , 29 January 2021, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | “Fallacies of Meta-Argumentation”

January 29, 2021

Intensive PhD Seminar in Epistemology of Religion

Modesto Gómez-Alonso

January 21, 2021

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

João Lemos, "The ethical criticism of art"

December 16, 2020

Wittgenstein, Religion, and Cognitive Science

3rd ERB Project Workshop

December 15, 2020

3rd ERB Project Workshop: Wittgenstein, Religion, and Cognitive Science

Zoom Workshop

December 15, 2020

Jos Hornikx, 11 December 2020, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | Argumentation schemes put to a test:…

December 11, 2020

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Gabriele De Angelis, “Realism and Moralism in Political Theory”

December 09, 2020

Marek McGann, December 02, 2020

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Emerging from what,…

December 02, 2020

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

António Marques, 'Between Facts and Norms'

November 25, 2020

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Giovanni Damele, 'Has liberalism ruined everything?'

November 18, 2020

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Luís Miguel Simões, "Political Liberalism"

October 20, 2020

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Marta Vences, 'Empathy and Moral Judgement'

October 14, 2020

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

2020/2021

October 14, 2020

Klaus Gaertner, September 30, 2020

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | The Untold Story…

September 30, 2020

2nd ERB Project Workshop: Wittgenstein, Nature, and Religion

Zoom Workshop

July 29, 2020

Dina Mendonça 8 July, 2020

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Why the Situated…

July 08, 2020

Summer School 2020

Enroll now!

July 06, 2020

Roundtable discussion for the twentieth anniversary of the publication of Phil Cole's "Philosophies of Exclusion"

With Philip Cole

June 17, 2020

Gloria Andrada (w/Robert Clowes), 3 June, 2020, 15.00h to 16.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Transparency in Extended…

June 02, 2020

Seminar with Sara Constança

CultureLab | Art of Living

March 18, 2020

Two-day Masterclass on Wittgenstein’s Epistemology of Religion

ERB Masterclass 2020

February 26, 2020

Kant Reading Group

Tiago Sousa, "Designs À La Grecque"

February 21, 2020

Phenomenological Approaches to Intersubjectivity and Values

Book launch with Prof. António de Castro Caeiro

February 21, 2020

Fabrizia Garavaglia, 19 February, 2020, 12.00h to 13.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | A situated approach…

February 19, 2020

Florian Franken Figueiredo, 14 Feb 2020, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium

February 14, 2020

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

L. Miguel Simões, "Political Treatise"

February 12, 2020

Seminar with Hélder Telo

CultureLab | Art of Living

February 12, 2020

Aristophanes on the Birth of Tragedy of F. Nietzsche

Lisbon Nietzsche Group Seminar + 2nd Semester Opening Lesson with…

February 11, 2020

CINEMA 12 CFP: IMAGES OF THE REAL. PHILOSOPHY AND DOCUMENTARY FILM

Cinema: Journal of Philosophy and the Moving Image welcomes submissions…

February 11, 2020

Abraham Sapién, 22 January, 2020, 12.00h to 13.00

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | The Structure of…

January 22, 2020

Nietzsche Seminar with Robert B. Pippin

CultureLab | Lisbon Nietzsche Group

January 20, 2020

Seminar with Antonio Cardiello

CultureLab | Art of Living

January 20, 2020

Kant Reading Group

Sílvia Bento, "Freedom as the 'Keystone' to the Vault of…

January 17, 2020

Scaling Up the Bayesian Brain

ArgLab Conference

January 08, 2020

Kant Reading Group

Ana Falcato, "Shame and Autonomy"

December 20, 2019

DISARGUE Workshop 19-20 Dec 2019

THE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE DISCURSIVE MANAGEMENT OF POLITICAL DISAGREEMENT

December 19, 2019

O Cinema na Fronteira: Passagens entre Ficção e Documentário

Seminário Rial

December 18, 2019

Conference Translation and the Urban Landscape: the Afterlife of the Arcades

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

December 13, 2019

Hili Razinsky, 11 December, 2019, 12.00h to 13.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Interpersonal communication and…

December 11, 2019

Seminar with Jorge Viesenteiner

CultureLab | Art of Living & Lisbon Nietzsche Group

December 11, 2019

Herman Cappelen, 6 December 2019, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | Conceptual Engineering: Under our Control?

December 06, 2019

Pragmatism as a Way of Life

Art of Living International Workshop /2

December 02, 2019

Kant Reading Group

Martín Fleitas, "Kant's Conception of Inner Value"

November 29, 2019

EpLab Masterclass Series

Martín Fleitas, "Notes for a normative-constitutivist approach to the problem…

November 29, 2019

Seminário Permanente em Cinema e Filosofia

Diana Neiva apresenta “O cinema e as experiências mentais filosóficas”

November 26, 2019

The Last Systematic Philosopher - A retrospective on Jürgen Habermas

An international workshop

November 21, 2019

Conferência de Paulo Reyes: Pensar a cidade como projecto

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

November 20, 2019

Dima Mohammed, 15 Nov 2019, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Discursive depoliticisation: From argumentation to explanation"

November 15, 2019

Lançamento do livro "Rostos do Si: Autobiografia, Confissão Terapia"

CultureLab | Art of Living

November 14, 2019

Seminar with Kai Whiting

CultureLab | Art of Living

November 13, 2019

Kant | atitudes, experiências, valores

Colóquio internacional

November 07, 2019

Rob Vinten, 6 Nov, 2019, 12.00h to 13.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Wittgenstein, Buddhism, and…

November 06, 2019

“But I saw something that others did not see”

International Colloquium on the encounter between the work of Werner…

November 06, 2019

Seminário Permanente em Cinema e Filosofia

Diogo Nóbrega apresentará Figura. Política e Ontologia. O movimento do…

November 05, 2019

Robert Clowes is a keynote speaker at the 4th Avant Conference

4th Avant Conference 2019

October 24, 2019

Seminar with Daniele Lorenzini

CultureLab | Art of Living

October 17, 2019

Kant Reading Group

Inês Salgueiro, "From Hume to Kant via Wittgenstein"

October 11, 2019

Vito Evola, 11 October 2019, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "More than words: Worldmaking and stancetaking…

October 11, 2019

Nietzsche&Nihilism | Double Seminar Session

CultureLab | Lisbon Nietzsche Group

October 10, 2019

Conferência “Fotografia, História e Arquivo”

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

October 09, 2019

O corpo na arte e na filosofia tropicalistas: os triunfos e desafios do modernismo brasileiro até agora

CultureLab

October 08, 2019

Kant Reading Group

Sofia Miguens - "I, Me, Mine - Back to Kant,…

September 27, 2019

Seminar with Lúcia Schneider Hardt & Rosâni Cunha

CultureLab | Art of Living

September 23, 2019

Gratuitous Violence & Free Will in a Nihilistic Age

International Conference on Gratuitous Violence & Free Will in a…

September 19, 2019

Workshop - Nihilism and Values

Encontros do grupo de estudo sobre Nietzsche

September 18, 2019

EPLab Masterclass Series

Jeff McMahan - "Future People, Climate Change, and War"

September 12, 2019

THE STATUS OF ACADEMIC FREEDOM

International Conference THE STATUS OF ACADEMIC FREEDOM

September 10, 2019

Seminário Nietzsche

Leituras Contemporâneas. Nietzsche na Espanha

September 09, 2019

7ª sessão do Seminário Permanente em Cinema e Filosofia

André Silva Santos apresenta Moses und Aron (Straub-Huillet, 1975) e…

July 23, 2019

Kant Reading Group

António Marques, "Kant against the Animals"

July 19, 2019

1st International Conference on Cinema, Philosophy and Children’s World

Co-organized by Ifilnova | CineLab - Laboratory of Cinema &…

July 09, 2019

1st Film Program on Lives in Transition: Exodus | Migrations | Exile

Co-organized by CineLab - Laboratory of Cinema & Philosophy, EPLab…

July 08, 2019

The Art of Feeling: Emotions Across Disciplines and Genres

Art of Living International Workshop/1

July 01, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Olivier Chassaing, "The Expressive Function of Punishment"

June 26, 2019

EPLab Masterclass Series

Nuria Sánchez Madrid, "Linhas de fuga da comunidade estética e…

June 21, 2019

Kant Reading Group

Nuria Sánchez Madrid, "Oeuvre de l'Art et Oeuvre d'Art"

June 21, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Per Algander, "Needing and Necessity"

June 05, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Regina Queiroz, "European Liberalisms: An Essay in Comparative Political Thought"

May 23, 2019

Art of Living

Culturelab Workshop 3/2019

May 22, 2019

O que é o Arquivo? Laboratório 3: cidade / arquivo

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

May 15, 2019

Dina Mendonça, 15 May, 2019, 15.00h to 16.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Why Immersion is…

May 15, 2019

Figuras Conceptuais da Fragmentação e Reconfiguração | Bruno C. Duarte e Nuno Fonseca

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

May 14, 2019

Nietzsche&Nihilism Project Seminar

Carlotta Santini, "Nihilism and Mithology The Case of Nietzsche"

May 13, 2019

Jorge Durán Solórzano, 7 May 2019, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Competing narratives for change"

May 07, 2019

Ruas de Sentido Único - Programa de Rádio

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

May 03, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Roberto Merrill, "Ethically justifiable? Free riding versus fair shares"

May 02, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Dina Mendonça, "Kant on the Moral Cultivation of Feelings"

April 17, 2019

Figuras Conceptuais da Fragmentação e Reconfiguração | Bartholomew Ryan e Gianfranco Ferraro

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

April 11, 2019

4ª sessão do Seminário Permanente em Cinema e Filosofia

Sérgio Dias Branco apresenta “Os Lugares da Esperança”

April 10, 2019

EPLab Masterclass Series

Theory and Practice of global governance: topical issues

April 05, 2019

3ª sessão do Seminário Permanente em Cinema e Filosofia

Diego Hoefel apresenta "Reinvenções Dramatúrgicas do Melodrama no Cinema Contemporâneo:…

April 02, 2019

Catástrofe e deterioração

Culturelab Workshop 2/2019

March 27, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Luís Miguel Simões, "The Double Mouvement in Polanyi and Hayek:…

March 20, 2019

Seminário Permanente de Pensamento Antigo

CultureLab | Ars Vivendi

March 15, 2019

Frank Zenker, 12 March 2019, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Why replication is your problem, too"

March 12, 2019

Robert Clowes, Postponed To be Re-Arranged

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Postponed

March 07, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Jorge Gonçalves, "A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value"

March 06, 2019

Problematising reality - encounters between art, cinema and philosophy 6

with Jean-Gabriel Périot and Alain Brossat

February 28, 2019

Problematising reality - encounters between art, cinema and philosophy 5

with Albert Serra and Alexander Garcia Düttmann

February 21, 2019

Figuras Conceptuais da Fragmentação e Reconfiguração | 2. Arquivo e Atlas: João Oliveira Duarte e Nélio Conceição

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

February 20, 2019

A catarse em Nietzsche

Aula/Palestra do prof. Ernani Chaves (Univ. Federal do Pará)

February 14, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Giovanni Damele, "On the Rationality of Democratic Choice"

February 06, 2019

Erich H. Rast, 5 Feb 2019, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Multidimensional ‘better than’"

February 05, 2019

Arte e Tradução

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

January 29, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Erich Rast, "How to accept the transitivity of better than"

January 23, 2019

Figuras Conceptuais da Fragmentação e Reconfiguração | 1. Colecção e Memória: Maria João Gamito e Claudio Rozzoni

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

January 22, 2019

2nd ERB Project Lecture

Wagner Teles de Oliveira

January 14, 2019

Book Symposium

Nuno Venturinha's Description of Situations

December 10, 2018

Seminário “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura” | 9ª Sessão: Ana Falcato

CultureLab | Questões de Subjectividade: Filosofia e Literatura

June 06, 2018

International Symposium Cinema and Philosophy: Critical May 68

CineLab | IFILNOVA - FCSH / PhD Research Project of…

May 29, 2018

Seminário Nietzsche | Anthony Jensen

CultureLab | Lisbon Nietzsche Group

May 23, 2018

Seminário “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura” | 8ª Sessão: Antonio Moretti

CultureLab | Questões de Subjectividade: Filosofia e Literatura

May 16, 2018

EPLAB Masterclass Series

Santoni de Sio

May 04, 2018

Seminário “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura” | 4ª Sessão: Ana Kiffer

CultureLab | Questões de Subjectividade: Filosofia e Literatura

January 31, 2018

Seminário livre: “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura”

CultureLab | Questions of Subjectivity: Philosophy & Literature

October 18, 2017

Institutions

FCT
FCSH