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Argumentation, Communication, and Context

In everyday life humans make decisions that decisively affect their future, individual and collective. They: vote in crucial issues; decide to adopt (or not) a set of global measures to preserve the environment; decide to start a certain medical treatment that has an uncertain outcome; switch off a machine supporting the life system of someone in deep coma; decide that someone is guilty and put that person in jail for years; choose (if they can) to pay a huge sum for their children’s education having the free public education at their disposal; buy and sell all sort of things and services. They do all that, and more, believing that they are serving their own best interests, or of their families, or of some group.

Albeit all these decisions are supposed to be rationally grounded, they are taken in a way that: tangles up reason and uncertainty; allows for better or worse; requires context sensitivity; calls for ceteris paribus considerations; is, in short, defeasible.

Conscious of the defeasible nature of their reasons for or against a particular standpoint, people verbally articulate these reasons and subject them to public discussion. These public argumentative transactions form the intersection plane of human reasoning with human verbal communication. They are present even when, trying to rationally ground a decision, we are thinking alone and in silence.

Context here makes all the difference between the classic un-parameterized approach to argument forms, solely based in the laws of Logic, and the modern approach that considerers real argumentations, where situated rational communicants do the best they can to justify their standpoints. The interpretation and analysis of agent’s utterances throughout these argumentative communication processes and the fair evaluation of what is the best justification of a given standpoint should, of course, be parameterized to the contexts of occurrence of those communication events.

Dialectics (including the Topics and the Sophistic Refutations) and Rhetoric were the two philosophical disciplines created by Aristotle to approach argumentation. They grew up separate ways, and more recently they rejoined forces under the title: Argumentation Theory. Dialectics approaches argumentations seeing them as processes of conflict solution of (at least) two antagonistic standpoints on a particular issue; Rhetoric approaches these same processes considering the persuasion mechanisms that they use and exploit. They complement each other.

The main purpose of our Project is to analyse, assess and confront the two most comprehensive, influential and well-accepted current Dialectic theories: the Pragma-dialectical Theory (PDT) of Frans van Eemeren and others, and the Argumentation Schemes Theory (AST) of Douglas Walton and others. more...


Research Group

Consultants

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Events

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Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Luís Miguel Simões, "The Double Mouvement in Polanyi and Hayek:…

March 20, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Jorge Gonçalves, "A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value"

March 06, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

António Marques, What We Owe to Each Other (excerpt)

February 20, 2019

A catarse em Nietzsche

Aula/Palestra do prof. Ernani Chaves (Univ. Federal do Pará)

February 14, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Giovanni Damele, "On the Rationality of Democratic Choice"

February 06, 2019

Arte e Tradução

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

January 29, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Erich Rast, "How to accept the transitivity of better than"

January 23, 2019

Nietzsche and Antiquity

Culturelab Workshop 1/2019

January 23, 2019

Problematising reality - encounters between art, cinema and philosophy 4

with Emily Wardill and Michael Marder

December 17, 2018

Manuel Garcia Carpintero's talk - 14 December, 2PM - Auditorio Aud. 001, Edif Torre A, Piso -1

Singular Reference in Fictional Discourse?

December 14, 2018

3rd NOVA Doctoral Conference in Epistemology

Knowledge, Morality and Society

December 05, 2018

Topografias Imaginárias /5

A cidade como estúdio | 5 a 8 de dezembro…

December 05, 2018

Chrysi Rapanta, 4 Dec 2018, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Bewilderment as a predictor of different…

December 04, 2018

António Guerreiro, A gramática generativa da cidade

CultureLab | Fragmentação e Reconfiguração: a experiência da cidade

November 28, 2018

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Filipe Faria, "The New Darwinian Naturalism in Political Theory"

November 21, 2018

The Mechanistic Approach in Biology and Cognition (Inter-University workshop), 9h-19h, 20th Nov

An Inter-University Workshop held on the 20th of November organised…

November 20, 2018

Jornada de estudos sobre Giacomo Leopardi

Jornada de estudos sobre Giacomo Leopardi

November 16, 2018

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Pedro Abreu, "Deliberation and agreement"

November 07, 2018

I-Debate - EUROPE FOR CITIZENS

Event organized by the Europe for Citizens Programme of the…

October 29, 2018

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Javier de Prado Salas, "Moral Testimony"

October 24, 2018

Perspectives on Nietzsche's Nihilism

CultureLab | Lisbon Nietzsche Group

October 10, 2018

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Schedule for the 2018/2019 sessions

October 10, 2018

Problematising reality - encounters between art, cinema and philosophy 3

with Maria Augusta Ramos and Patricia Mourão

September 10, 2018

Problematising reality - encounters between art, cinema and philosophy 2

with Alberto Toscano and Simon Thompson

July 10, 2018

Ciclo temático "Leituras críticas sobre a experiência da cidade" | Sessão IX: Susana Duarte e Maria Filomena Molder

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

July 05, 2018

Book Launch: Schizophrenia and Common Sense: explaining the relation between madness and social values with Thomas Fuchs

Schizophrenia and Common Sense: explaining the relation between madness and…

June 25, 2018

O Euro e a soberania económica

Conferência internacional

June 22, 2018

Workshop: Misunderstanding, disagreement, manipulation

The idea of the workshop is to explore the blurred…

June 22, 2018

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Giovanni Damele, "Another Italian thought: elite theory and political realism"

June 21, 2018

Art of Living / Art of Dying: Philosophical and Literary Perspectives

International Conference

June 21, 2018

Katharina Stevens, 18 June 2018, 14h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Argument-Design through Role-Taking"

June 18, 2018

Seminário “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura” | 9ª Sessão: Ana Falcato

CultureLab | Questões de Subjectividade: Filosofia e Literatura

June 06, 2018

Ciclo temático "Leituras críticas sobre a experiência da cidade" | Sessão Especial "Double Bill: Apropos London"

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

June 04, 2018

Workshop: Communication and metaphors for health. An educational challenge

The workshop discusses the importance of communication and metaphors in…

June 01, 2018

Problematising reality - encounters between art, cinema and philosophy 1

with Renee Green and Ute Holl

June 01, 2018

Inês Hipólito, 30th May 11:00 - 12:00

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar |"Perception as Cognition: Beyond…

May 30, 2018

International Symposium Cinema and Philosophy: Critical May 68

CineLab | IFILNOVA - FCSH / PhD Research Project of…

May 29, 2018

Ciclo temático "Leituras críticas sobre a experiência da cidade" | Sessão VIII: Ana Mira e Susana Ventura

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

May 29, 2018

Dima Mohammed, 28 May 2018, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Proposals for the examination of networked…

May 28, 2018

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Erich Rast, "Value Disagreement and Two Aspects of Meaning"

May 24, 2018

Seminário Nietzsche | Anthony Jensen

CultureLab | Lisbon Nietzsche Group

May 23, 2018

Seminário “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura” | 8ª Sessão: Antonio Moretti

CultureLab | Questões de Subjectividade: Filosofia e Literatura

May 16, 2018

Jakob Krebs, 16 May, 15h to 16h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar |"Pictorial Models, Imagination, and…

May 16, 2018

Rules, normativity and values: revisiting the Kantian perspective and its critics

EpLab Conference

May 14, 2018

Mehmet Ali Üzelgün, 14 May 2018, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Level, focus, and force of argumentative…

May 14, 2018

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

John Gibbons, "Things That Make Things Reasonable"

May 10, 2018

"The Phantasy-Subject: Phenomenology of Image and Aesthetic Experience"

International Workshop

May 09, 2018

EPLAB Masterclass Series

Santoni de Sio

May 04, 2018

Ciclo temático "Leituras críticas sobre a experiência da cidade" | Sessão VII: Paulo Catrica e Nélio Conceição

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

April 24, 2018

Virtualism and the Mind: Rethinking Presence, Representation and the Self

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning Workshop "Virtualism and the Mind"

April 23, 2018

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Gilbert Harman, "Moral Realism is Moral Relativism"

April 19, 2018

The Derivative Machine: Life Cut, Bundled and Sold

held by Jonathan Beller (Pratt Institute) | CineLAB Seminar

April 19, 2018

João Leite, 16 April 2018, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "An Online Social Debating System"

April 16, 2018

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Berit Brogaard, "Moral Contextualism and Moral Relativism"

April 05, 2018

CultureLab | General Seminar

Seminário mensal do culturelab, Humberto Brito

April 03, 2018

Workshop: "Cuidado de Si: Perspectivas Antigas e Contemporâneas"

CultureLab | Questões de Subjectividade: Filosofia e Literatura

March 23, 2018

Ciclo temático "Leituras críticas sobre a experiência da cidade" | Sessão VI: Bruno Duarte & Alexandra Fortes

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

March 22, 2018

Erich Rast, 16.3., Sala 1.05 ID, 16h

Value Seminar Session with Erich Rast, Sala 1.05 ID 16h

March 16, 2018

Seminário “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura” | 4ª Sessão: Ana Kiffer

CultureLab | Questões de Subjectividade: Filosofia e Literatura

January 31, 2018

Seminário livre: “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura”

CultureLab | Questions of Subjectivity: Philosophy & Literature

October 18, 2017

Institutions

FCT
FCSH