EN PT

Epistemology of Religious Belief: Wittgenstein, Grammar and the Contemporary World

 

FCT Project: PTDC/FER-FIL/32203/2017

 

Grant: € 208.623,07

 

Period: 1.9.2018-31.8.2021

 

Summary

This project explores a Wittgensteinian framework in epistemology by focusing on religious belief. In particular it concentrates on uses of the concepts of belief, certainty, conviction, doubt, holding for true, knowledge, opinion and proof as they are dealt with in the author’s later thought. Although Wittgenstein himself claimed not to be “a religious man” (yet having a religious point of view upon the world, which most of the times he identified with ethics), he offers us plenty of conceptual instruments for dealing with religious belief. We have selected some specific themes for understanding his grammatical approach as well as its sources and implications. Our starting point is the idea that philosophy of religion is a privileged field to observe the complex relations between Wittgenstein's early and later thought. From a Tractarian view of epistemology as philosophy of psychology to the remarks on hinge propositions in On Certainty, Wittgenstein’s views of epistemology changed and so did his approach to religious belief. If in the Tractatus Wittgenstein tried to formulate a mystical approach, which he connected with a peculiar form of transcendental solipsism, the mature view on religious belief that we find in the post-1929 writings reveals an author concerned with language as it is employed in our daily lives. In order to understand such change we will consider the idea of a “natural religion”, which exposes, with no theological apparatus, essential aspects belonging to human nature. This is exemplified in the robust criticism of J. G. Frazer’s intellectualist descriptions and interpretations of the rituals of primitive societies. We will also consider the question whether the notion of “form(s) of life” in the Philosophical Investigations, a key for understanding “culture”, is meant as a single one, proper to humanity, or rather as a diversity of “forms of life”. Since the rejection of historicity defended by Wittgenstein in matters of religion is strongly reminiscent of J. H. Newman’s Grammar of Assent, we will look at this text as a possible source for Wittgenstein’s conception of grammar. On Certainty is clearly very rich in implications for an epistemology of religious belief and Duncan Pritchard’s “quasi-fideism”, anchored to the work of the later Wittgenstein, has important implications for understanding the nature of religious disagreements, something that is vital in our contemporary world. Existential scepticism as a threat, from a Wittgensteinian standpoint, will also be explored taking Ernest Sosa’s virtue perspectivism as a reference. Since naturalizing approaches to religious belief carried out under the banner of “naturalism” raise the question of its meaning, we will finally assess how they relate to Wittgenstein’s viewpoint on cultural phenomena. One wider ambition of the project is to defend a Wittgensteinian approach to religion, epistemologically informed, that may open the way to interfaith dialogue. 

 

Team

Nuno Venturinha, NOVA University of Lisbon (PI)

Sofia Miguens, University of Porto (Co-PI)

Modesto Gómez-Alonso, University of La Laguna

Alberto Arruda, University of Lisbon

Alexandra Dias Fortes, NOVA University of Lisbon

Duncan Pritchard, University of California, Irvine / University of Edinburgh

Vicente Sanfélix Vidarte, University of Valencia

 

Project Fellows

Ricardo N. Henriques (Predoctoral Researcher)

Robert Vinten (Postdoctoral Researcher)

 

Consultants

Gorazd Andrejč, University of Groningen / University of Cambridge

José María Ariso, University of La Rioja

Guy Axtell, Radford University

Thomas D. Carroll, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen

Martin Kusch, University of Vienna

Alois Pichler, University of Bergen

Charles Travis, King's College London

Michael Williams, The Johns Hopkins University

 

News

PhD seminar in Epistemology of Religion is offered by the project in Fall 2018.

Vicente Sanfélix Vidarte gives an intensive PhD seminar in Epistemology of Religion at the IFILNOVA from 14 to 16 November 2018.

Nuno Venturinha speaks on Philosophy, Religion and Society at the Annual Conference Series of the Gil Vicente Library, Lisbon, on 23 November 2018. 

Nuno Venturinha is one of the invited speakers at the international conference New Perspectives in European Philosophy of Religion hosted by the University of Maribor from 28 to 29 November 2018.

A call for a Postdoctoral Contract is launched by the project on 10 December 2018. 

Maria Filomena Molder gives the 1st ERB Project Lecture at the IFILNOVA on 10 December 2018. 

Nuno Venturinha is one of the invited speakers at the international workshop WAB’s and FIBA’s Wittgenstein Editions: An Inventory hosted by the University of Siena from 13 to 15 December 2018.

Wagner Teles de Oliveira gives the 2nd ERB Project Lecture at the IFILNOVA on 14 January 2019.

A call for a Research Fellowship is launched by the project on 22 January 2019.

Modesto Gómez-Alonso gives a seminar at the IFILNOVA devoted to the theme "Wittgenstein: ¿Es posible una deducción trascendental de las proposiciones-gozne?", with a commentary by Sofia Miguens, on 13 February 2019. 

Alois Pichler gives a Masterclass on Wittgenstein's Epistemology of Religion at the IFILNOVA on 22 February 2019.

Ricardo N. Henriques joins the project team as a predoctoral researcher on 1 March 2019.

The project hires Robert Vinten as a postdoctoral researcher on 1 April 2019.

Nuno Venturinha speaks on Autobiographical Writing, Self-knowledge, and the Religious Point of View at the NYC Wittgenstein Workshop organized by the New School for Social Research in New York on 3 May 2019. 

The 1st ERB Project Workshop, with the participation, among others, of the project members Modesto Gómez-Alonso, Sofia Miguens, Duncan Pritchard and Nuno Venturinha, takes place at the IFILNOVA on 28 and 29 June 2019.

Alexandra Dias Fortes and Ricardo N. Henriques contribute papers to the 42th International Wittgenstein Symposium of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society held in Kirchberg am Wechsel from 4 to 10 August 2019. 

Sofia Miguens and Nuno Venturinha are invited respondents at the conference Culture and Value after Wittgenstein hosted by the Queen's College at the University of Oxford from 30 August to 1 September 2019.

A Summer Course on Wittgenstein's Remarks on Frazer's The Golden Bough is offered by the project within the NOVA Summer School from 2 to 6 September 2019. 

Modesto Gómez-Alonso and Nuno Venturinha are invited speakers at the international conference Wittgenstein y nuestras certezas hosted by the Autonomous University of Madrid on 21 October 2019.

Nuno Venturinha is one of the invited speakers at the international seminar La normatividad estética, moral y jurídica en Kant: reflexiones contemporáneas hosted by the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Madrid, on 23 October 2019.

Rob Vinten speaks on Wittgenstein, Buddhism, and Guilt at the Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar on 6 November 2019.

 

Publications

Dias Fortes, Alexandra, "A Method Has Now Been Found": Wittgenstein vs. FrazerContributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 27 (2019): 46-47.

Gómez-Alonso, Modesto., Wittgenstein y la justificación de las proposiciones gozneEstudios de Filosofía 60 (2019): 159-182. (Final version)

Gómez-Alonso, Modesto (with Pérez Chico, David), Epistemología de goznes y escepticismo: Observaciones críticas a la tesis de la racionalidad extendidaDisputatio  8, no. 11 (2019): 293-325. [Final Version]

Henriques, Ricardo N., The Impossible Religious Robot: A Wittgensteinian Approach to Religious Sensibility in Non-HumansContributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 27 (2019): 102-104.

Henriques, Ricardo N., Thomas D. Carroll: Wittgenstein within the Philosophy of Religion, Wittgenstein-Studien 11 (2019): 291-294.

Miguens, Sofia, Cora Diamond: Reading Wittgenstein with Anscombe, Going On to EthicsWittgenstein-Studien 11 (2019): 299-304.

Sanfélix Vidarte, Vicente (with Tejedor, Chon), Experience and Religious Belief: Wittgenstein's Epistemology of Religion. In Nuno Venturinha (ed.), Special Section: Wittgenstein and Applied Epistemology, Wittgenstein-Studien 10 (2019): 279-293. (Preprint version)

Sanfélix Vidarte, Vicente (with Martorell Campos, Francisco), Pirronismo lógico: La metafilosofía del joven Wittgentein. In David Pérez Chico (ed.), Wittgenstein y el escepticismo: Certeza, paradoja y locura. Zaragoza: Prensas de la Universidad de Zaragoza, 2019, 235-260. (Preprint version

Venturinha, Nuno, Wittgenstein e o Realismo Religioso de BeethovenRevista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74, no. 4 (2018): 1203–1212. (Preprint version)

Venturinha, Nuno, Wittgenstein’s Religious Epistemology and Interfaith Dialogue. In Gorazd Andrejč & Daniel Weiss (eds.), Interpreting Interreligious Relations with Wittgenstein: Philosophy, Theology and Religious Studies. Leiden: Brill, 2019, 97-113.

Venturinha, Nuno, Varieties of Assent: A Historical PerspectiveInternational Journal of Philosophy and Social Values 2, no. 1 (2019): 41-55. (Final version)

Venturinha, Nuno, Wittgenstein's Whewell's Court Lectures: Cambridge 1938-1941, From the Notes by Yorick Smythies, British Journal for the History of Philosophy, online 17 December 2019.

Vinten, Robert, Guy Axtell: Problems of Religious Luck. Assessing the Limits of Reasonable Religious DisagreementWittgenstein-Studien 11 (2019): 319-330.

 

Back to previous page


Events

All Events

Kant Reading Group

Tiago Sousa, "Designs À La Grecque"

February 21, 2020

Phenomenological Approaches to Intersubjectivity and Values

Book launch with Prof. António de Castro Caeiro

February 21, 2020

Fabrizia Garavaglia, 19 February, 2020, 12.00h to 13.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | A situated approach…

February 19, 2020

Florian Franken Figueiredo, 14 Feb 2020, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium

February 14, 2020

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

L. Miguel Simões, "Political Treatise"

February 12, 2020

Aristophanes on the Birth of Tragedy of F. Nietzsche

Lisbon Nietzsche Group Seminar + 2nd Semester Opening Lesson with…

February 11, 2020

CINEMA 12 CFP: IMAGES OF THE REAL. PHILOSOPHY AND DOCUMENTARY FILM

Cinema: Journal of Philosophy and the Moving Image welcomes submissions…

February 11, 2020

Abraham Sapién, 22 January, 2020, 12.00h to 13.00

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | The Structure of…

January 22, 2020

Nietzsche Seminar with Robert B. Pippin

CultureLab | Lisbon Nietzsche Group

January 20, 2020

Seminar with Antonio Cardiello

CultureLab | Art of Living

January 20, 2020

Kant Reading Group

Sílvia Bento, "Freedom as the 'Keystone' to the Vault of…

January 17, 2020

Scaling Up the Bayesian Brain

ArgLab Conference

January 08, 2020

Kant Reading Group

Ana Falcato, "Shame and Autonomy"

December 20, 2019

DISARGUE Workshop 19-20 Dec 2019

THE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE DISCURSIVE MANAGEMENT OF POLITICAL DISAGREEMENT

December 19, 2019

O Cinema na Fronteira: Passagens entre Ficção e Documentário

Seminário Rial

December 18, 2019

Conference Translation and the Urban Landscape: the Afterlife of the Arcades

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

December 13, 2019

Hili Razinsky, 11 December, 2019, 12.00h to 13.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Interpersonal communication and…

December 11, 2019

Seminar with Jorge Viesenteiner

CultureLab | Art of Living & Lisbon Nietzsche Group

December 11, 2019

Herman Cappelen, 6 December 2019, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | Conceptual Engineering: Under our Control?

December 06, 2019

Pragmatism as a Way of Life

Art of Living International Workshop /2

December 02, 2019

Kant Reading Group

Martín Fleitas, "Kant's Conception of Inner Value"

November 29, 2019

EpLab Masterclass Series

Martín Fleitas, "Notes for a normative-constitutivist approach to the problem…

November 29, 2019

Seminário Permanente em Cinema e Filosofia

Diana Neiva apresenta “O cinema e as experiências mentais filosóficas”

November 26, 2019

The Last Systematic Philosopher - A retrospective on Jürgen Habermas

An international workshop

November 21, 2019

Conferência de Paulo Reyes: Pensar a cidade como projecto

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

November 20, 2019

Dima Mohammed, 15 Nov 2019, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Discursive depoliticisation: From argumentation to explanation"

November 15, 2019

Lançamento do livro "Rostos do Si: Autobiografia, Confissão Terapia"

CultureLab | Art of Living

November 14, 2019

Seminar with Kai Whiting

CultureLab | Art of Living

November 13, 2019

Kant | atitudes, experiências, valores

Colóquio internacional

November 07, 2019

Rob Vinten, 6 Nov, 2019, 12.00h to 13.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Wittgenstein, Buddhism, and…

November 06, 2019

“But I saw something that others did not see”

International Colloquium on the encounter between the work of Werner…

November 06, 2019

Seminário Permanente em Cinema e Filosofia

Diogo Nóbrega apresentará Figura. Política e Ontologia. O movimento do…

November 05, 2019

Robert Clowes is a keynote speaker at the 4th Avant Conference

4th Avant Conference 2019

October 24, 2019

Seminar with Daniele Lorenzini

CultureLab | Art of Living

October 17, 2019

Kant Reading Group

Inês Salgueiro, "From Hume to Kant via Wittgenstein"

October 11, 2019

Vito Evola, 11 October 2019, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "More than words: Worldmaking and stancetaking…

October 11, 2019

Nietzsche&Nihilism | Double Seminar Session

CultureLab | Lisbon Nietzsche Group

October 10, 2019

Conferência “Fotografia, História e Arquivo”

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

October 09, 2019

O corpo na arte e na filosofia tropicalistas: os triunfos e desafios do modernismo brasileiro até agora

CultureLab

October 08, 2019

Kant Reading Group

Sofia Miguens - "I, Me, Mine - Back to Kant,…

September 27, 2019

Seminar with Lúcia Schneider Hardt & Rosâni Cunha

CultureLab | Art of Living

September 23, 2019

Gratuitous Violence & Free Will in a Nihilistic Age

International Conference on Gratuitous Violence & Free Will in a…

September 19, 2019

Workshop - Nihilism and Values

Encontros do grupo de estudo sobre Nietzsche

September 18, 2019

EPLab Masterclass Series

Jeff McMahan - "Future People, Climate Change, and War"

September 12, 2019

THE STATUS OF ACADEMIC FREEDOM

International Conference THE STATUS OF ACADEMIC FREEDOM

September 10, 2019

Seminário Nietzsche

Leituras Contemporâneas. Nietzsche na Espanha

September 09, 2019

7ª sessão do Seminário Permanente em Cinema e Filosofia

André Silva Santos apresenta Moses und Aron (Straub-Huillet, 1975) e…

July 23, 2019

Kant Reading Group

António Marques, "Kant against the Animals"

July 19, 2019

1st International Conference on Cinema, Philosophy and Children’s World

Co-organized by Ifilnova | CineLab - Laboratory of Cinema &…

July 09, 2019

1st Film Program on Lives in Transition: Exodus | Migrations | Exile

Co-organized by CineLab - Laboratory of Cinema & Philosophy, EPLab…

July 08, 2019

The Art of Feeling: Emotions Across Disciplines and Genres

Art of Living International Workshop/1

July 01, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Olivier Chassaing, "The Expressive Function of Punishment"

June 26, 2019

EPLab Masterclass Series

Nuria Sánchez Madrid, "Linhas de fuga da comunidade estética e…

June 21, 2019

Kant Reading Group

Nuria Sánchez Madrid, "Oeuvre de l'Art et Oeuvre d'Art"

June 21, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Per Algander, "Needing and Necessity"

June 05, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Regina Queiroz, "European Liberalisms: An Essay in Comparative Political Thought"

May 23, 2019

Art of Living

Culturelab Workshop 3/2019

May 22, 2019

O que é o Arquivo? Laboratório 3: cidade / arquivo

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

May 15, 2019

Dina Mendonça, 15 May, 2019, 15.00h to 16.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Why Immersion is…

May 15, 2019

Figuras Conceptuais da Fragmentação e Reconfiguração | Bruno C. Duarte e Nuno Fonseca

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

May 14, 2019

Nietzsche&Nihilism Project Seminar

Carlotta Santini, "Nihilism and Mithology The Case of Nietzsche"

May 13, 2019

Jorge Durán Solórzano, 7 May 2019, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Competing narratives for change"

May 07, 2019

Ruas de Sentido Único - Programa de Rádio

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

May 03, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Roberto Merrill, "Ethically justifiable? Free riding versus fair shares"

May 02, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Dina Mendonça, "Kant on the Moral Cultivation of Feelings"

April 17, 2019

Figuras Conceptuais da Fragmentação e Reconfiguração | Bartholomew Ryan e Gianfranco Ferraro

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

April 11, 2019

4ª sessão do Seminário Permanente em Cinema e Filosofia

Sérgio Dias Branco apresenta “Os Lugares da Esperança”

April 10, 2019

EPLab Masterclass Series

Theory and Practice of global governance: topical issues

April 05, 2019

3ª sessão do Seminário Permanente em Cinema e Filosofia

Diego Hoefel apresenta "Reinvenções Dramatúrgicas do Melodrama no Cinema Contemporâneo:…

April 02, 2019

Catástrofe e deterioração

Culturelab Workshop 2/2019

March 27, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Luís Miguel Simões, "The Double Mouvement in Polanyi and Hayek:…

March 20, 2019

Seminário Permanente de Pensamento Antigo

CultureLab | Ars Vivendi

March 15, 2019

Frank Zenker, 12 March 2019, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Why replication is your problem, too"

March 12, 2019

Robert Clowes, Postponed To be Re-Arranged

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Postponed

March 07, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Jorge Gonçalves, "A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value"

March 06, 2019

Problematising reality - encounters between art, cinema and philosophy 6

with Jean-Gabriel Périot and Alain Brossat

February 28, 2019

Problematising reality - encounters between art, cinema and philosophy 5

with Albert Serra and Alexander Garcia Düttmann

February 21, 2019

Figuras Conceptuais da Fragmentação e Reconfiguração | 2. Arquivo e Atlas: João Oliveira Duarte e Nélio Conceição

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

February 20, 2019

A catarse em Nietzsche

Aula/Palestra do prof. Ernani Chaves (Univ. Federal do Pará)

February 14, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Giovanni Damele, "On the Rationality of Democratic Choice"

February 06, 2019

Erich H. Rast, 5 Feb 2019, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Multidimensional ‘better than’"

February 05, 2019

Arte e Tradução

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

January 29, 2019

Ethics and Political Theory Reading Group

Erich Rast, "How to accept the transitivity of better than"

January 23, 2019

Figuras Conceptuais da Fragmentação e Reconfiguração | 1. Colecção e Memória: Maria João Gamito e Claudio Rozzoni

CultureLab | Arte, Crítica e Experiência Estética

January 22, 2019

2nd ERB Project Lecture

Wagner Teles de Oliveira

January 14, 2019

Book Symposium

Nuno Venturinha's Description of Situations

December 10, 2018

Seminário “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura” | 9ª Sessão: Ana Falcato

CultureLab | Questões de Subjectividade: Filosofia e Literatura

June 06, 2018

International Symposium Cinema and Philosophy: Critical May 68

CineLab | IFILNOVA - FCSH / PhD Research Project of…

May 29, 2018

Seminário Nietzsche | Anthony Jensen

CultureLab | Lisbon Nietzsche Group

May 23, 2018

Seminário “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura” | 8ª Sessão: Antonio Moretti

CultureLab | Questões de Subjectividade: Filosofia e Literatura

May 16, 2018

EPLAB Masterclass Series

Santoni de Sio

May 04, 2018

Seminário “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura” | 4ª Sessão: Ana Kiffer

CultureLab | Questões de Subjectividade: Filosofia e Literatura

January 31, 2018

Seminário livre: “Figuras da Subjectividade na Filosofia e na Literatura”

CultureLab | Questions of Subjectivity: Philosophy & Literature

October 18, 2017

Institutions

FCT
FCSH